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You are here:Home>>Strategic Research & Analysis>>Ghana Celebrates 59th anniversary of Freedom
Monday, 07 March 2016 18:11

Ghana Celebrates 59th anniversary of Freedom

Written by Ghana Government
Ghana Celebrates 59th anniversary of  Freedom Ghana Flag

Ghana is  the first country in Black Africa  to gain independence from Britain.  She celebrates the 59th anniversary of its freedom from British rule this year. According to Nelson Mandela Ghana’s independence on March 6, 1957, provided much strength and great inspiration to African liberation movements.

PRE COLONIAL GHANA

The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire. The Empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the Ghana Empire by the title of its emperor, the Ghana. The Empire appears to have broken up following the 1076 conquest by the Almoravid General Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar.


A reduced kingdom continued to exist after Almoravid rule ended, and the Kingdom was later incorporated into subsequent Sahelian empires, such as the Mali Empire several centuries later. Geographically, the ancient Ghana Empire was approximately 500 miles (800 km) north and west of the modern state of Ghana, and controlled territories in the area of the Sénégal River and east towards the Niger rivers, in modern Senegal, Mauritania and Mali.

GHANA REVOLUTION AND POLITICAL HISTORY

Political highlights

1957 - independence, Nkrumah of CPP is PM

1960 - declared republic, one party system, presidential system

1966 - military overthrow of 1st republic

1969 - 2nd republic, Busia of PP is PM

1972 - military overthrow of 2nd republic

1978 - palace coup to restructure military government

1979 - junior officer uprising and military housecleaning

1979 - ushered third republic, Limann of PNP is President

1981 - overthrow of the constitutional PNP gov't by the PNDC military junta

1983 - Attempted overthrow of the PNDC junta by other junior army men

1992 - Rawlings of NDC is Dem elected as President

1996 - Rawlings of NDC is re-elected

2001 - Kuffour (NPP) is President

2005 - Kufuor begins second-term in office

2009 - John Evans Atta Mills (NDC) is President

2012 - John Dramani Mahama (NDC) is sworn in as President following death of President Mills

2013-John Dramani Mahama (NDC) is sworn as President after winning the 2012 general elections


GHANA  NATIONAL PLEDGE


I promise on my honor
to be faithful and loyal to Ghana my motherland.
I pledge myself to the service of Ghana
with all my strength and with all my heart.
I promise to hold in high esteem our heritage,
won for us through the blood and toil of our fathers;
and I pledge myself in all things
to uphold and defend the good name of Ghana.
So help me Go


GHANA NATIONAL ANTHEM


ENGLISH
God bless our homeland Ghana
And make our nation great and strong,
Bold to defend forever
The cause of Freedom and of Right;
Fill our hearts with true humility,
Make us cherish fearless honesty,
And help us to resist oppressors' rule
With all our will and might for evermore
Second stanza
Hail to thy name, O Ghana,
To thee we make our solemn vow:
Steadfast to build together
A nation strong in Unity;
With our gifts of mind and strength of arm,
Whether night or day, in the midst of storm,
In every need, whate'er the call may be,
To serve thee, Ghana, now and evermore.
Third stanza
Raise high the flag of Ghana
and one with Africa advance;
Black star of hope and honour
To all who thirst for liberty;
Where the banner of Ghana freely flies,
May the way to freedom truly lie;
Arise, arise, O sons of Ghana land
And under God march on for evermore!



GA
Wo Dientse Wo Shikpon Ne
Wodientse wo shikpon ne
Ni ej' ra wa ha wofee
Wo tsemei shwie la shi
Dani ame ke he ha wo
Eji mi ke bo gbenaa
'Ke wo hu wofee he eko
Ja nilee ke hesuomo pe aaanye
Wo shikpon le akpo
Nye baa ni nye haa woman le
He suomo ahi wo mli
Chorus
Ke ji ake man ko aaahi le
Ke ji ake man ko ehii




TWI
Yen Ara Asase Ni
Yen ara asase ni
Eye abooden de ma yen
Mogya a Nananom hwie gu
Nya de to ho ma yen
Adu me ne wo nso so
Se ye be ye bi atoaso
Nimdee ntraso nkotokrane
Ne apese-minko-minya
Ato yen bra mo dem
Na ye 'sase ho do atom se
Chorus:
Oman no se eve ye yie oo
Oman no se ennye yie oo
Eye se na ose
Omanfo bra ne ekyerei le
No le eji sane ko
Ni ka eman bii ano

Last modified on Monday, 07 March 2016 18:19

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