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You are here:Home>>All Expert Articles>>Displaying items by tag: Buhari
Displaying items by tag: Buhari
Monday, 13 June 2016 20:12

The Three Changes Nigeria Needs

We are fighting corruption and rebalancing away from oil dependence to create durable economic growth.

Nigeria is at a crossroads. Just over a year ago, people voted in a historic democratic election to end corruption and business as usual, opting instead to build an economy that delivers for all Nigerians.

The old order was based on an unsustainable commodities supercycle. While the boom had many positives and contributed to Nigeria becoming Africa’s largest economy, it fostered an epidemic of corruption and inefficiency. Foreign businesses and financial institutions also benefited as some people spent and sometimes hid huge sums abroad, lifted by the rising tide of oil exports and dollar revenues.

Now we are living in a new world of low energy prices. The economy has slowed while unemployment and inflation have jumped. Longstanding structural imbalances and overdependence on imports have been cruelly exposed. We are an oil-rich nation that imports most of our gasoline. We are a farming nation that imports most of our basic food staples. This is simply not acceptable or sustainable.

Nigeria Needs U.S. Help Against Boko Haram
Our solutions must be in proportion to the challenges. Fundamental change takes time and we are driving not one but three changes to reposition Nigeria for inclusive growth.

• Restore trust We have begun to tackle the endemic corruption and mismanagement that is crippling our economy and corroding trust in our institutions. The anticorruption fight is at the heart of combating poverty and improving security. We have stepped up enforcement and new prosecutions to get our house in order, and I have called for foreign governments to work with us to identify where funds stolen during previous administrations are lodged and for multistate cooperation to combat oil theft.

Fighting corruption is not enough. We need accountable government and a public sector that can do more with less. We have already taken initial steps by bringing all government finances into a single treasury account where we can monitor spending and impose discipline, implementing zero-based budgets and benchmarks targeted at waste and fraud, and establishing electronic platforms for government agency interface.

• Rebalance our economy In a world of lower oil prices and dollar revenues, the only sustainable path is to reduce Nigerians’ overreliance on imports. We must rebalance our economy by empowering entrepreneurs and producers, big and small, to create more of what their fellow Nigerians demand. The supply of foreign exchange to the economy must be increased. This requires radically increasing exports and productivity and improving the investment climate and ease of doing business.

Nigeria’s growth and job creation will be led by the private sector. We are a young, entrepreneurial society with vibrant success stories in new industries such as telecommunications, technology and entertainment. Government is doing its part to lower taxes on small businesses, eliminate bureaucracy to bring the informal economy out of the shadows and provide development funding for priority sectors such as agriculture. The central bank has moved to introduce greater flexibility in our exchange-rate policy. These actions are a downpayment on our people’s ability to succeed.

• Regenerate growth We must reposition our economy by attracting investment in domestic industries and infrastructure. Nigeria has huge untapped gas reserves and also a critical shortage of electricity. Our private sector loses too much of its revenue due to brownouts and power outages. Half of my fellow Nigerians have no access to the power grid. Investment in our power infrastructure, restructuring of the state-run oil-and-gas sector and development of other industries such as solid minerals, metals and petrochemicals will help to create a virtuous circle of growth and exports while creating jobs and reducing poverty.

I am optimistic that our actions are providing the breathing room Nigeria needs during this period of fundamental change. But we cannot improve living conditions and restore fiscal health without making people feel safe and secure—just as we cannot defeat militancy without reducing poverty and dislocation.

One of our main achievements this past year has been to unite regional and global allies to push back Boko Haram. What we do in the next three years to build an economic bridge to Nigeria’s future will be just as important for bringing lasting peace and prosperity.

Mr. Buhari is the president of Nigeria.

Senate President Bukola Saraki on his Facebook page on Tuesday published the following names of nominees for ministerial positions nominated by President Buhari of Nigeria

Chris Ngige - Anambra

Kayode Fayemi- Ekiti

Rotimi Amaechi - Rivers

Babatunde Fashola - Lagos

Abdulrahman Danbazau

Aisha Alhassan - Taraba

Ogbonaya Onu- Abia

Kemi Adeosun - Ogun

Abubakar Malami - Kebbi

Hadi Sirika – Katsina

Adebayo Shittu - Oyo

Suleiman Adam - Jigawa

Solomon Dalong - Plateau

Ibe Kachikwu - Delta

Osagie Ehanire - Edo

Audu Ogbeh - Benue

Lai Mohammed - Kwara

Ahmed Isa Ibeto - Niger

Amina Mohammed - Kaduna

Udoma Udo-Udoma - Akwa Ibom

The enormously popular talk show, Berekete on Wazobia FM radio, Abuja station, told the incredible, yet true story of the hardworking and respected school teacher somewhere in Plateau state who hanged himself.

He hadn’t been paid salary for seven straight months. He came home to find that no one had eaten and two of the children had medical prescriptions for which there was no money. He sneaked out without talking to anyone. After a long while, news came home that he had strangely been caught with a stolen goat.

On his day in court, the teacher confessed to the offense. The reason he stole, he told the local judge, was that he hadn’t been paid for seven months and when he got home to see what he saw, he just couldn’t stand it.

The judge allowed him to go home on bail on self-recognition given, as he said, the good impression the entire village had of the otherwise respected teacher. All were shocked to find his body dangling from tree the morning after. He couldn’t live with the shame.

In the recommendations and notes the Ahmed Joda transition committee presented to him as President -EIect, Muhammadu Buhari was informed that a section of the Fedaral government as well as 27 states hadn’t paid salaries, in some case for up to a year. The Joda committee advised that this was a national emergency and should be treated as such.

It is on account of this that one of theactivities- please note the choice of this word:activities, not achievements- of President Muahammadu Buhari in these past three months is the settlement of unpaid salaries. This is going on right now. Like the proverbial blinking of the eye, Saturday September 5th will mark the 100th day of the Buhari-led All Progressives Congress, APC government which took office on May 29th after the new party became the first in opposition to unseat an incumbent government in an election adjudged by everyone as free and fair.

There are many out there who say that the performance of a president and his government in terms success or failure cannot be judged in 100 days and I agree with them. 
But history will be written anyway. In the coming week or two, a rash of commentaries and analyses to commemorate the event will be made. I myself don’t deny that 100 days is long enough to know and understand the man who is the head of a government.

Buhari arrived power with strong support from young men and women and this country’s poor. The new government was not favored at election by the monied power-brokers although that did not stop the President from taking measures such as improving security that are good for business and investment. This government is business-friendly but not one that is for crony capitalism.

The new government inherited enormous problems created by the tainted PDP administration, largely caused by the lack of governance,corruption and lawlessness. This was mostly evident in the last two years of the Jonathan Goodluck administration. As the President continues to point out,the drift is most evident in the oil sector.

I believe that there is enough on the ground in those 100 days to understand President Buhari, his government and what it stands for.

I will cite a few of these. Before I do that, I will make a little confession.

In the course of electioneering, the presidential campaign had so many centers of public communication which, for whatever reason were on the loose.

There is a certain document tagged “One Hundred Things Buhari Will Do in 100 Days” and the other, “My Covenant With Nigerians.” Both pamphlets bore the authorized party logo but as the Director of Media and Communications in that campaign, I did not fund or authorize any of those. I can equally bet my last Kobo that Candidate Buhari did not see or authorize those publications.

As a consequence of these publications, expectations have been raised unreasonably, that as President, Muhammadu Buhari will wave his hand and all the problems that the country faces- insecurity, corruption, unemployment, poor infrastructure would go away.

But that notwithstanding, President Buhari has given the job his best shot and the whole country is saying that we never had it so good. He has re-instituted the values of hard work and administrative efficiency. The President says times without number that this country needs to fix governance and that he won’t tolerate laziness.

Some of the other activities I wish to enumerate also include the fact of his taking relations with the country’s immediate neighbors to new heights. By their open admissions, this country’s neighbors did not have someone they could talk to on the deteriorating security situation in the Lake Chad Basin area in Aso Rock.

Buhari embarked on his foreign policy on Day Four of his administration. When he met Barack Obama, the U.S president told the Nigerian leader that he was getting it right and that it is only when Nigeria gets it right that Africa will get it right.

The United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon who came calling this week said that our president is “courageous, focused and firm.” Relations with the “G 7″ group of industrialized countries have since been “reset” and the dividends of this have begun to flow inwards. In the area of economic management, Nigerians are already seeing things happen that they thought were not possible in so short a time.

He didn’t put a Kobo to finance the power sector. Yet, reading his body language alone and knowing that there are things you cannot do and get away with under Buhari, electricity supply all over the countries has risen to unprecedented heights.

Actually, some cities are on the verge of calling 24-hour, round the clock power supply. The country generates more power than can internally be taken by the deplorable distribution system we have on the ground, which points to the next challenge that the country faces.

Framework for the management of the country’s finances has been put in place. The wobbly Naira is being stabilized and inflation is headed towards a single digit.President Buhari is keeping a close eye on the government treasury.

Agriculture is getting its own shot in the arm.

Rice importation has been curtailed and seven governors whose states are priming a massive local production of the commodity have had a strategy meeting with the President on the next steps that are coming. Americans say their intervention in our agriculture will come next year.

Boko Haram, which had more or less been allowed to fester for about five years is about being ended but what is even more interesting is that intelligence coming from the fired-up armed forces who now work in synergy with each other is raising hope that the Chibok girls may, repeat may be found in good numbers in a geographic location of interest somewhere in the North-East.

President Buhari is being praised at home and abroad for his ongoing fight against corruption. He said from the beginning that his government will not tolerate this vice. Borrowing the words of India Narendra Modi’s, he said himself that “I won’t steal and I’ll not allow others to do it.” President Buhari has walked his talk since he come to office.

Himself and Vice President Yemi Osinbajo have not only given up half of their salary, they have cut a good number of funding lines to their official homes and offices. President Buhari also takes the environment seriously. He blames the lack of security in the Lake Chad region on the recession, almost drying up of the lake. He has undertaken to clean up the Ogoniland.

In this country, appointments and removal from office are done usually in accordance with a spoils system. A new government sacks officials on the basis only that it did not appoint them, by the predecessor-administration. President Buhari has shown that his government is different. He wants to look at each case on its own merit and it is clear by now that he is not ready to surrender the country to burnt out politicians. Technocrats will have a big place in his administration.

He has appointed no ministers yet, but the government is running smoothly. In this period of three months, government certainly deserves a pat on the back for improved power, reform in the energy sector, foreign relations fight against corruption and insurgency and the fact of Nigerians being at peace, not only among themselves but with their neighbors and the rest of the world.

In think in summary, I would like to end this piece by saying that President Muhammadu Buhari will turn out to be a leader in the tradition of Lee Kuan-Yu and India’s current reform-minded Prime Minister Modi with strong and clear emphasis on detail and execution. He may however differ with them by not micro-managing things.

Image result for Garba ShehuGarba Shehu is  Special Assistant on  Media and Publicity to  President Buhari

Nigeria political history, March 28th 2015 will surely become ‘’Today In History’’, a day Muhammadu Buhari after waiting patiently for 15years wrestle the power from self proclaimed African monolith political party, PDP [that promised to rule Nigeria for 50years]. It was indeed a day in history, some called it I"des of March", ‘’Tsunami’’, "Buharicane’’, Sinking of PDP Armada [my piece in April, 2013] with world leaders hailing this moment of decision!

Across the entire length and breadth of Nigeria, the voters were really craving for change. The rot every section of Nigeria has eaten too deep into fabrics of government at the center, bastardize federal civil service, unemployment, epileptic and erratic power supply, insecurity, lame defense, defiled first lady, police gangster, political bigotry, poor health services, poor roads and educational system bungled, judiciary not vibrant, ostentatious displays of ill gotten wealth, constituencies allowances diverted e.t.c. 

The voting pattern was unique for the first time, the south west [progressives] align with the north to form the government at the center. Outgoing president Good luck Jonathan must have had his hand full. From Olusegun ‘’Irumale’’ Obasanjo tacit withdrawal of support and the defection of some PDP governors. Jonathan must have read the ominous sign but did not want to weep like a woman for what he cannot defend as a man.

From across the Niger consultations Olusegun Obasanjo was making, it was sure bet Jonathan will not be re-elected. Observers say Olusegun Obasanjo detest being beaten. If Jonathan was re-elected, he will be spending 10years as Nigeria president dusting Obasanjo 8years tenure.

Jonathan must have learnt his lessons by now as regard the north [politically] Namadi Sambo home state was simply a no-go area for PDP, nothing can be more than wash out. Kano state played a crucial role with Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, Emir of Kano state [Jonathan enemy] and Engr. Rabiu Kwankwaso, the outgoing governor of the state, coupled patience Jonathan outburst that the north gave birth to ‘uncared for child’ it was a tonic APC used. Bauchi State PDP’s Chairman Alhaji Adamu Muazu home state fall to the rampaging APC ‘Buharicane’, ‘Tsunami’.

The South West has effectively been under APC [except Ekiti and Ondo States], Lagos State, Bola Ahmed’s territory is for close for PDP (with chief bode George already preparing to go on self exile] Ogun State, APC vice president Prof  Yemi Osibanjo home state [Ogun State) is also for close for PDP. Oyo state also re-enacted ‘A Day in history’ as Senator Abimbola Ajimobi was also re-elected the first time in the history of the state for a governor to serve two times in office. The amazing and most interesting scenario was the sweeping of the entire north central  by APC speared by the emerging Tiger of Kwara State politics; Senator Bukola Saraki- the heir apparent of Saraki dynasty and The Senate President.

The South East and South South still align with PDP [hoping that Jonathan will be re-elected and possibly be rewarded the South East with an additional state] and may possibly loss out [appointment] in the coming APC government [who dominated the Senate and House of Representatives] and the Igbo’s dream of Nigeria’s no1 seat looks gloomier with the present scheme of things!

The was fought with PDP itself to name calling, mudslinging. The media was a washed with dirty documentaries, distorted facts, vulgarism words, pull-him-down [PhD] raw commentaries international media has various times recommend Muhammadu Buhari to clean up the mount of mess Jonathan has piled up. It is indeed a today in history, March 28th, 2015. Mohamamadu Buhari sank the PDP Armada in the ides of north, it was a moment in Nigeria and the worked in history, jubilation across. Outgoing Jonathan, magnanimously congratulates Muhammadu Buhari hours before the final results was   announced and released, it was a face saving.

The untouchables; Deziani, Alison Maduekwe, Madam Patience Jonathan [the infamous Africa’s  first lady mission house], Ali-modu Sherriff, Adamu Muazu, and fuel subsidy scam culprits be immediately brought to justice let Muhammadu Buhari APC led government [known for his no nonsense tracts] and the national assembly array. These UNTOUCHABLE, before a court of law  and sentence accordingly, if found guilty as charged.

What the town trodden Nigerians are craving from Muhammadu Buhari led APC government are;  fair distribution of resources, average living conditions, empowerment, security, good and improved health care services, rural and roads development, accountability and prudent management of Nigeria resources, corruption free judiciary and quick dispensation of justice, equality, patriotism, altitude, determination and Nigeria spirit.

Muhammadu Buhari must be savoring one of united kingdom’s outstanding prime minister, Winston Churchill statement; ‘’I have nothing except my blood, my tears and my sweat’, on Saturday 28th March, 2015, ‘the gong of taboo sounded!’ PDP’s 50years superfluous projecting of ruling Nigeria in confine to the dustbin of history!

Nigerians has endured the PDP disaster government for about 16years patiently and their cries have reached their creator, it was ‘AHIMSA!’ [peaceful change] Mahatma Gandhi; apostle of peaceful change; ‘’he, who makes peaceful change impossible, makes violent change Inevitable’’. And as president good luck Jonathan intends handing over to Buhari APC led government on May 29th, 2015, exactly 2months after his defeat. Buhari and March 28th, 2015. What a Date In History! What an Ides of March!


Taiwo Lawrence Adeyemi  writes from Lagos, Nigeria

Nigeria’s new president, Muhammadu Buhari, is visiting the United States this week, with international corruption just as high on the agenda as it was for his historic election campaign.  

This was the first time an incumbent president has been defeated by popular vote in Nigeria. Nigerians were won over by a vision of a fairer society, and a desire to put a long history of predatory officials and corrupt companies conspiring to loot public funds behind us. 

There are many examples of that history which tell us that we cannot win this fight without help from the U.S. and elsewhere. In one deal in 2011, two New York Stock Exchange-listed oil companies - Shell and Italy’s Eni - negotiated a deal with the Jonathan administration for the rights to one of Nigeria’s biggest oil blocks, called “OPL 245”. The $1.1 billion dollars should have been used by the Nigerian government to provide essential services, but it never reached state coffers. Instead, it was diverted into the private pockets of a corrupt former oil minister and his associates.

This was a devastating loss for Nigeria; $1.1 billion is half of Nigeria’s health budget.  It could have gone into better schools to help curb rampant illiteracy, better healthcare, or better national transportation systems and roads.   

It is also bad for Shell and Eni’s shareholders and investors: the deal is currently under criminal investigation in Nigeria, Italy and the United Kingdom; the CEO and former CEO of Eni are under formal investigation; and, $190 million in proceeds have been frozen.  Although Shell and Eni deny wrongdoing, the deal could be cancelled, which would jeopardize both companies’ long-term strategic goals. It doesn’t need to be like this. Nigeria will need support from the international community to investigate systemic corruption, trace its stolen assets and prevent other dirty deals being carried out.  One measure already agreed but not yet implemented would have exposed the payments for OPL 245 before they went astray. Section 1504 of the Dodd-Frank Act, which Congress passed five years ago with bi-partisan support, requires companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges to publish their payments to governments for oil, gas and mining assets.

This simple transparency measure is backed by major investors, hundreds of civil society organizations and major oil companies, who recognize it as good for business and for society. But it is also facing fierce resistance from a dwindling group of Big Oil companies and their lobbying arm, the American Petroleum Institute, who pay lip service to transparency in public yet are doing all they can to gut these proposals behind the scenes. It still has not been implemented by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).  Interestingly, had the SEC promulgated its first rule for the implementation of Section 1504 within 270 days, as it was mandated to do by Congress, it is debatable whether Shell and Eni would have continued with a deal in which they knew their payment would end up in private hands. 

Corruption in Nigeria is not something that President Buhari or the Nigerian people can fight alone. The kind of state looting we are trying to put behind us is not possible without the collusion of companies and facilitators in the United States. That is why systemic solutions like the transparency measures in section 1504 of the Dodd-Frank Act are so important. Publishing a strong rule and ensuring international law enforcement cooperation are the least that the U.S. can do to help Nigeria in its fight for a fairer society. This will help Nigeria on the path to ensuring oil wealth is the basis for sustainable development, rather than a source of conflict and a magnet for corruption.

Dotun OlokoDotun Oloko is a Nigerian whistleblower turned anti-corruption advocate.

President Buhari with his delegations in President Obamas's White House

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For Immediate Release

Buhari with Obama in Oval Office


“Nigerian-American Leadership Council” Welcomes President Buhari to Washington-Pushes For New Standard of Governance and Service Delivery.

The “Nigerian-American Leadership Council (NALC)”, has been notified about President Muhammadu Buhari’s invitation and arrival in Washington, for meetings with US Officials and some members of the Nigerian Diaspora including Executives of this Council.  The leadership of this Council intends to participate in some of the forums during this event.

While the Council enthusiastically welcomes President Buhari to Washington, the Council intends to seize the opportunity of an impending interactive session to brief President Buhari on the Council’s initiatives, and perspective on pertinent issues in Nigeria, as well in US-Nigeria relations.

The Council is aware that security will top the agenda in the various meetings and forums during this visit.  However, the Council also plans to call serious attention to the corruption in the public and private sectors in Nigeria, and to the impunity of the ruling class in Nigeria.

Unchecked Corruption in National Institutions
It is the Council’s factually based opinion, that unchecked corruption in the past few years in Nigeria, permeated some sacred institutions; including the security services, and the judiciary.  Corruption in the security services and the judiciary go into the heart of Nigeria’s ability to thrive as a unified democracy.  If unchecked, corruption could create a “free-for-all” cesspool that could drive Nigeria to the ground.

Security Agencies, the Judiciary and the Rule of Law
The judiciary and the security agencies should be totally immune from corrupt practices, especially at the top of their various hierarchies.  Where the top officials of these agencies are found complicit in corrupt practices, they should ideally face much stiffer sanctions, because there actions may have compromised lives, and thereby endangered the survival of the republic they are sworn to serve.  The “Rule of Law” must also be maintained at all times, during the process of prosecution.

Dangerous Compromises in Security and the Rule of Law
Prosecuting the war on terrorism may have actually become a cash-cow for some officials, who endangered the lives of troops in the front line, by their complicity in corruption.  It has also been reported that internal leaks on behalf of Boko Haram by insiders who were induced by money, religion, or ethnic bias, did weaken the campaign against Boko Haram and compromised troops lives.  Any such internal leaks should ordinarily call for charges for high treason and sabotage, with its attendant appropriate sanction.

We are also aware that “some” judges have compromised justice by accepting pay-offs to issue “not-guilty” rulings, and frivolous injunctions, in the face of overwhelming evidence of criminal wrong-doing by officials or business executives; especially top executives in the Banking industry.  We have observed issuance of perpetual injunctions by Judges, which do not have any basis in law or facts.  We note that sometimes it takes a foreign jurisdiction to get judgment or asset forfeiture from Nigerian ex-officials.

Reverence to Authority
We also perceive that there was limited reverence to presidential authority during the last administration, thus leading many officials and private sector executives to go on a plunder of public resources, without fear of presidential oversight, even in key agencies of the government.

This Council, with the assistance of US institutions, will begin to monitor assets that Nigerian Judges and other high officials acquire or transfer outside of Nigeria. 
We expect that at a minimum, that there would be sufficient reverence to President Buhar’s anti-corruption credentials, such that people would think twice about serious sanctions, before they plunder public resources under their watch.

Antics of the National Assembly
The national assembly in Nigeria is another area of blatant ruinous governance.  As stakeholders in Nigeria, and as a community that carry a disproportionate burden of Nigeria’s problems, we will be monitoring the national assembly in the near future, with the hope that they will redress the wrongs of the previous national assembly.

It remains simply ludicrous that the national assembly had the audacity to approve compensation for themselves that run into the millions per member, right under the nose of the suffering Nigerian masses, most of whom work hard but live like paupers.  The salaries and allowances of Nigerian federal legislators (almost 2 million USD annually per Senator), is unheard of anywhere in the world.  This top-heavy expense is not sustainable in a country where many people do not have running water, and are deprived of their salaries several months in a year.


Playing the Ethnic and Religious Cards
We note that Nigerian officials accused of high crimes frequently begin to invoke ethnic or religious undertones for their woes.  It amazes us that Nigerians fall for these schemes by the accused, rather than waiting for the culprits to have their day in court.

These are the challenges that Mr. Buhari should address with a firm unwavering hand, we expect him not to fail Nigerians, and in essence lay the foundation for a future prosperous Nigeria where every citizen can aspire to a decent life.

About NALC:
The Nigerian-American Leadership Council is the premier pre-eminent Public Policy and Business Advisory Council in the United States; focused entirely on Nigeria.  Adjudged by the US Media, as “A Powerful Voice” on US-Nigeria Affairs; the Council is the only NGO that maintains authoritative “rare access on both sides of the Atlantic”.  The Council, which remains an independent Think-Tank, has also become the go-to organization in Washington, and in the United States, for all things Nigeria.

Media Inquiries:
C. Goldie, Media Relations, Nigerian-American Leadership Council (NALC)
1701 Pennsylvania Ave, Suite 300, NW Washington, DC 20006                                                              
Web: Tel: 202 379-2848, Ext 101, Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


His Excellency, President Muhammadu Buhari Inaugural speech, after  his swearing-in as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria on 29th May, 2015

I am immensely grateful to God Who Has preserved us to witness this day and this occasion. Today marks a triumph for Nigeria and an occasion to celebrate her freedom and cherish her democracy. Nigerians have shown their commitment to democracy and are determined to entrench its culture. Our journey has not been easy but thanks to the determination of our people and strong support from friends abroad we have today a truly democratically elected government in place.

I would like to thank President Goodluck Jonathan for his display of statesmanship in setting a precedent for us that has now made our people proud to be Nigerians wherever they are. With the support and cooperation he has given to the transition process, he has made it possible for us to show the world that despite the perceived tension in the land we can be a united people capable of doing what is right for our nation. Together we co-operated to surprise the world that had come to expect only the worst from Nigeria. I hope this act of graciously accepting defeat by the outgoing President will become the standard of political conduct in the country.

I would like to thank the millions of our supporters who believed in us even when the cause seemed hopeless. I salute their resolve in waiting long hours in rain and hot sunshine to register and cast their votes and stay all night if necessary to protect and ensure their votes count and were counted.  I thank those who tirelessly carried the campaign on the social media. At the same time, I thank our other countrymen and women who did not vote for us but contributed to make our democratic culture truly competitive, strong and definitive.

I thank all of you.

Having just a few minutes ago sworn on the Holy Book, I intend to keep my oath and serve as President to all Nigerians.
I belong to everybody and I belong to nobody.

A few people have privately voiced fears that on coming back to office I shall go after them. These fears are groundless. There will be no paying off old scores. The past is prologue.

Our neighbours in the Sub-region and our African brethenen should rest assured that Nigeria under our administration will be ready to play any leadership role that Africa expects of it. Here I would like to thank the governments and people of Cameroon, Chad and Niger for committing their armed forces to fight Boko Haram in Nigeria.
I also wish to assure the wider international community of our readiness to cooperate and help to combat threats of cross-border terrorism, sea piracy, refugees and boat people, financial crime, cyber crime, climate change, the spread of communicable diseases and other challenges of the 21st century.

At home we face enormous challenges. Insecurity, pervasive corruption, the hitherto unending and seemingly impossible fuel and power shortages are the immediate concerns. We are going to tackle them head on. Nigerians will not regret that they have entrusted national responsibility to us. We must not succumb to hopelessness and defeatism. We can fix our problems.

In recent times Nigerian leaders appear to have misread our mission. Our founding fathers, Mr Herbert Macauley, Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, the Sardauna of Sokoto, Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Malam Aminu Kano, Chief J.S. Tarka, Mr Eyo Ita, Chief Denis Osadeby, Chief Ladoke Akintola and their colleagues worked to establish certain standards of governance. They might have differed in their methods or tactics or details, but they were united in establishing a viable and progressive country. Some of their successors behaved like spoilt children breaking everything and bringing disorder to the house.

Furthermore, we as Nigerians must remind ourselves that we are heirs to great civilizations: Shehu Othman Dan fodio’s caliphate, the Kanem Borno Empire, the Oyo Empire, the Benin Empire and King Jaja’s formidable domain. The blood of those great ancestors flow in our veins. What is now required is to build on these legacies, to modernize and uplift Nigeria.

Daunting as the task may be it is by no means insurmountable. There is now a national consensus that our chosen route to national development is democracy. To achieve our objectives we must consciously work the democratic system. The Federal Executive under my watch will not seek to encroach on the duties and functions of the Legislative and Judicial arms of government. The law enforcing authorities will be charged to operate within the Constitution. We shall rebuild and reform the public service to become more effective and more serviceable. We shall charge them to apply themselves with integrity to stabilize the system.

For their part the legislative arm must keep to their brief of making laws, carrying out over-sight functions and doing so expeditiously. The judicial system needs reform to cleanse itself from its immediate past. The country now expects the judiciary to act with dispatch on all cases especially on corruption, serious financial crimes or abuse of office. It is only when the three arms act constitutionally that government will be enabled to serve the country optimally and avoid the confusion all too often bedeviling governance today.

Elsewhere relations between Abuja and the States have to be clarified if we are to serve the country better. Constitutionally there are limits to powers of each of the three tiers of government but that should not mean the Federal Government should fold its arms and close its eyes to what is going on in the states and local governments. Not least the operations of the Local Government Joint Account. While the Federal Government can not interfere in the details of its operations it will ensure that the gross corruption at the local level is checked. As far as the constitution allows me I will try to ensure that there is responsible and accountable governance at all levels of government in the country. For I will not have kept my own trust with the Nigerian people if I allow others abuse theirs under my watch.

However, no matter how well organized the governments of the federation are they can not succeed without the support, understanding and cooperation of labour unions, organized private sector, the press and civil society organizations. I appeal to employers and workers alike to unite in raising productivity so that everybody will have the opportunity to share in increased prosperity. The Nigerian press is the most vibrant in Africa. My appeal to the media today – and this includes the social media – is to exercise its considerable powers with responsibility and patriotism.

My appeal for unity is predicated on the seriousness of the legacy we are getting into. With depleted foreign reserves, falling oil prices, leakages and debts the Nigerian economy is in deep trouble and will require careful management to bring it round and to tackle the immediate challenges confronting us, namely; Boko Haram, the Niger Delta situation, the power shortages and unemployment especially among young people. For the longer term we have to improve the standards of our education. We have to look at the whole field of medicare. We have to upgrade our dilapidated physical infrastructure.

The most immediate is Boko Haram’s insurgency. Progress has been made in recent weeks by our security forces but victory can not be achieved by basing the Command and Control Centre in Abuja. The command centre will be relocated to Maiduguri and remain until Boko Haram is completely subdued. But we can not claim to have defeated Boko Haram without rescuing the Chibok girls and all other innocent persons held hostage by insurgents.

This government will do all it can to rescue them alive. Boko Haram is a typical example of small fires causing large fires. An eccentric and unorthodox preacher with a tiny following was given posthumous fame and following by his extra judicial murder at the hands of the police. Since then through official bungling, negligence, complacency or collusion Boko Haram became a terrifying force taking tens of thousands of lives and capturing several towns and villages covering swathes of Nigerian sovereign territory.
Boko Haram is a mindless, godless group who are as far away from Islam as one can think of. At the end of the hostilities when the group is subdued the Government intends to commission a sociological study to determine its origins, remote and immediate causes of the movement, its sponsors, the international connexions to ensure that measures are taken to prevent a reccurrence of this evil. For now the Armed Forces will be fully charged with prosecuting the fight against Boko haram. We shall overhaul the rules of engagement to avoid human rights violations in operations. We shall improve operational and legal mechanisms so that disciplinary steps are taken against proven human right violations by the Armed Forces.

Boko Haram is not only the security issue bedeviling our country. The spate of kidnappings, armed robberies, herdsmen/farmers clashes, cattle rustlings all help to add to the general air of insecurity in our land. We are going to erect and maintain an efficient, disciplined people – friendly and well – compensated security forces within an over – all security architecture.

The amnesty programme in the Niger Delta is due to end in December, but the Government intends to invest heavily in the projects, and programmes currently in place. I call on the leadership and people in these areas to cooperate with the State and Federal Government in the rehabilitation programmes which will be streamlined and made more effective. As ever, I am ready to listen to grievances of my fellow Nigerians. I extend my hand of fellowship to them so that we can bring peace and build prosperity for our people.

No single cause can be identified to explain Nigerian’s poor economic performance over the years than the power situation. It is a national shame that an economy of 180 million generates only 4,000MW, and distributes even less. Continuous tinkering with the structures of power supply and distribution and close on $20b expanded since 1999 have only brought darkness, frustration, misery, and resignation among Nigerians. We will not allow this to go on. Careful studies are under way during this transition to identify the quickest, safest and most cost-effective way to bring light and relief to Nigerians.

Unemployment, notably youth un-employment features strongly in our Party’s Manifesto. We intend to attack the problem frontally through revival of agriculture, solid minerals mining as well as credits to small and medium size businesses to kick – start these enterprises. We shall quickly examine the best way to revive major industries and accelerate the revival and development of our railways, roads and general infrastructure.

Your Excellencies, My fellow Nigerians I can not recall when Nigeria enjoyed so much goodwill abroad as now. The messages I received from East and West, from powerful and small countries are indicative of international expectations on us. At home the newly elected government is basking in a reservoir of goodwill and high expectations. Nigeria therefore has a window of opportunity to fulfill our long – standing potential of pulling ourselves together and realizing our mission as a great nation.
Our situation somehow reminds one of a passage in Shakespeare’s Julius Ceasar

There is a tide in the affairs of men which,
taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;
Omitted, all the voyage of their life,
Is bound in shallows and miseries.

We have an opportunity. Let us take it.

Thank you
Muhammadu Buhari
President Federal Republic of NIGERIA
and Commander in-chief-of the Armed forces

Muhammadu Buhari has won Nigeria's presidential polls, in the country's first election victory by the opposition.

His party said his opponent, the incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan, admitted defeat and congratulated him.


Gen Buhari was ahead of Mr Jonathan by at least two million votes.


Observers have generally praised the election but there have been allegations of fraud, which some fear could lead to protests and violence.


However, a spokesman for Gen Buhari's All Progressives Congress (APC) party praised Mr Jonathan, saying: "He will remain a hero for this move. The tension will go down dramatically."


"Anyone who tries to foment trouble on the account that they have lost the election will be doing so purely on his own," the spokesman added in quotes carried by Reuters.


Finally the long wait is over. The opposition's Gen Buhari has won this pivotal contest.


This is a hugely significant moment in Nigeria's history. Never before has a sitting president lost an election and it feels as though Nigeria has turned a corner.


Since independence from Britain in 1960 there have been numerous coups and rigged elections. This poll has brought to the surface dangerous religious and regional differences. The outcome may be disputed by some and there is still a fear of violence.


But many Nigerians feel for the first time they have the power to vote out a government that is not performing well.


Results at 18:00 local time (18:00 GMT) showed Gen Buhari with 15 million votes, and Mr Jonathan with 12.8 million votes.


Mr Jonathan had led Nigeria since 2010, initially as acting leader before winning elections in 2011.


Nigeria has suffered from several attacks by the Islamist militant group Boko Haram, which has killed thousands of people in its drive to establish an Islamic state.


Many voters have said that they believe Gen Buhari is better positioned to defeat Boko Haram.

The Igbo people around the country and South East political zone in particular will ultimately decide who will be next Nigerian president. The arithmetic is quite easy to understand and the only zone that does not necessary connected directly to the main political actors is the South East political zone.  There are no Igbo vying to be president or vice president in any of the major political parties in the country. Therefore the process and the interim development empowers SE zone and Ndi-Igbo to be the centre of attraction and the deciding factor in the election.


The political party, be it Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) or  All Progressive Congress (APC)  that is able to convince the Igbo people  and South East political zone will definitely, comfortably  and reliably win the presidential election in February 2015.


Geography also favours Ndi-Igbo in the fort coming election. The Igbo people are one group in Nigeria that are evenly distributed and naturally placed around the country. There is no state or geo-political zone in Nigeria that Igbo people are not a secondary major group after the indigenous population.   The interesting thing is how the Igbo have methodically and assiduously assimilated in every corner of country, living peacefully and comfortably with rest of other groups and fellow Nigerians. The Igbo love of Nigeria and adaptation is pointing to future of Nigeria that is devoid of tribalism and nepotism. As far as Ndi-Igbo are concern the entire Nigeria is home be it north, south, east or west.


With this patriotism and Nigerian –eccentric comes a unique advantage that Igbo people enjoyed in Nigeria more any other group.  They participated in all diverse cultures of Nigeria and speak almost all the major languages in Nigeria. At the core of Ndi-Igbo is a true Nigerian that accepts Nigeria as one nation. Therefore in   2015 election, Ndi-Igbo will reap the benefit for residing in every nooks and corners of Nigeria. For the path to victory must go through the contours of Igbo political landscape.


In Northern Nigeria despite the threat of Boko haram, Igbo people are still residing in all major centers of the northern Nigeria and they are fully assimilated and speak Hausa, Fulani and other indigenous northern languages brilliantly. In the south West Igbo people reside populously in Lagos, Ibadan and other parts of south western Nigeria.


No matter the propaganda in the media and on internet, Ndi-Igbo and SE have not made the final decision on who will get their precious votes and support.   The battle ground for election decision and victory will not be in the North or South West because both parties PDP and APC have active presence in those regions and in the geo-political zones. Therefore the final battle ground is in South-East political zone; and whichever political party that sweeps the SE area and have the support of majority of Igbo will ultimately win the presidency in the forth coming election.



Emeka  Chiakwelu, Principal Policy Strategist at AFRIPOL. His works have appeared in Wall Street Journal, Huffington Post, Forbes and many other important journals around the world. His writings have also been cited in many economic books, publications and many institutions of higher learning including tagteam Harvard Education. Africa Political & Economic Strategic Center (AFRIPOL) is foremost a public policy center whose fundamental objective is to broaden the parameters of public policy debates in Africa. To advocate, promote and encourage free enterprise, democracy, sustainable green environment, human rights, conflict resolutions, transparency and probity in Africa.      This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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